The first time that someone has written something major on composer Roger Sacheverell Coke since the 1990s: I chat to pianist Simon Callaghan about his forthcoming disc and his academic research into the neglected composer.
|Simon Callaghan recording in Glasgow with Martyn Brabbins and the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
(Photo Oscar Torres)
The Ph.D came about because, whilst Simon was recording music by Coke he met the director of research at the RNCM who suggested the idea. It wasn’t something that would have normally occurred to Simon to do, but he would be able to do a Ph.D in performance. And so he has submitted recordings and editions of Coke’s music, along with a dissertation of 20,000 words. And given that Coke’s manuscripts have been rather scattered, and in sometimes in poor condition, the result is definitely a unique contribution to knowledge.
Simon has submitted four CDs of Coke’s music as well as typesetting five or six pieces, thus making them available for further performances. On 3 January 2020, Simon and cellist Raphael Wallfisch’s disc of Coke’s Cello Sonatas will be coming out on Lyrita, whilst Simon’s editions of the sonatas are being published by Nimbus Music Publishing.
Roger Sacheverell Coke was born into a wealthy family in Derbyshire, [and was inspired to take up music after hearing pianist Benno Moiseiwitsch performing. [there is an interesting sequence of early family photos and photos of their home, Brookhill Hall, on the House and Heritage website]. Coke’s family had a strong military background and his father, who died during the first Battle of Ypres, has his name on the Menin Gate in Ypres. Coke’s love of music was indulged by his mother, and he studied music privately, including piano lessons from a pupil of Theodor Leschetizky and composition with Alan Bush. Independently wealthy, but homosexual, a heavy smoker (100-a-day), a sufferer from depression and struggling with schizophrenia, he worked in a studio in the grounds of the family home and created a significant body of music. Never completely mainstream, he counted Rachmaninov as a friend and Coke’s piano music can often seem influenced by this composer and is the complete antithesis of much of the music being written in the 1940s and 1950s. Despite performances and broadcasts during his lifetime, Coke and music effectively disappeared from view after his death.
|Roger Sacheverell Coke’s Music Room in the converted stables at Brookhill Hall.
It was later converted into a seven-bedroom property. (Photo Derbyshire Countryside)
And it seems that Simon’s dissertation is the first time that someone has written something major on Coke since an article in the British Music Society Journal in the 1990s!
Simon has been lucky that four of Coke’s nephews and nieces are still around, so that he has had access to letters and newspaper cuttings. At times, he felt that he was prying into Coke’s personal life. Simon has included a definitive works list as well as list of performances of Coke’s music from the 1920s until now, which he admits gives him a geeky sense of completion.
Once his Ph.D is complete, then he hopes to be able to make the material available via his website. For instance, much of Coke’s solo piano music was originally self-published and so copies are difficult to get hold of, and Simon hopes his work will go some way to remedying this.
Simon originally came into contact with Coke’s music some years ago when another pianist gave him copies of Coke’s solo piano music, this ultimately led to Simon’s recording of Coke’s 24 Preludes and Variations & Finale. As a result of this he had contact with Gareth Vaughan, who had written the programme notes for a performance of Coke’s Violin Sonata at the English Music Festival in 2013 [subsequently recorded and currently available on EM Records]. Vaughan was in contact with Coke’s niece, and put Simon in touch with her. This would ultimately lead to the discovery of scores of Coke’s which had been thought lost, such as the negative image of Coke’s Third Piano Concerto found in Coke’s nephew’s attic (Gareth Vaughan was flicking through the score of Coke’s opera The Cenci in the attic, and found the negatives of the concerto tucked away in the score). Simon’s recording of the concerto was on one of the CDs submitted for his PhD. They also found an old article from the Daily Mail, about Coke trying to raise money for a recording of the concerto, something that finally happened in 2016.
Before Simon could record the concertos, he had to typeset all of them, as the parts were either non-existent or of poor quality. This was long in the making, around six months work, but Simon describes it as very satisfying. Simon’s recording of Coke’s Piano Concertos No. 3, 4 & 5 with the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, conductor Martyn Brabbins, is available from Hyperion, as part of its Romantic Piano Concerto Series.
|Roger Sacheverell Coke in his studio (Photo kindly loaned by Griselda Brook)|
There is still more Coke to be explored. Simon feels that he has recorded the best of the piano music, but there are also two trios, a piano trio and one for flute, viola and piano, both of which Simon has in manuscript with the piano trio already typeset. He also is currently investigating the songs. Coke wrote around 80 songs, and Simon has copies of around half of them and some are thought to be lost. Coke performed his songs a lot with a soprano called Barbara Welby (a descendant of Jenny Lind and a fine amateur singer and pianist), and he wrote many songs for her. There are also two vocal concertos.
Intriguingly Coke also wrote an opera, The Cenci based on Shelley’s 1818 drama, which he worked on from 1940 to 1950. [Rather interestingly Berthold Goldschmidt’s opera based on the play was one of the winners of the opera competition associated with the 1951 Festival of Britain, but despite this was unperformed until the 1980s]. Coke’s opera is three hours long and unfortunately the parts are not very neat and it would take a significant amount of work to typeset the piece. Eugene Goossens, who was a family friend, and the London Symphony Orchestra performed the work for one performance in 1959 (critics were not very kind, evidently). There still exists a significant amount of correspondence between Goossens and Coke’s lawyer, which gets quite fraught and at one point Goossens sends an invoice for all the time he has spent doing corrections to the parts for the opera, and Goossens comments that Coke would do well to spend some money on a professional copyist to prepare a full score. And Simon finds it sad that we cannot really find out what the opera is like without type-setting it, which will probably never happen.
|Adrian Farmer, Simon Callaghan, Raphael Wallfisch after their recording session for Coke’s Cello Sonatas in June 2019|
Coke was a gifted pianist, and though he did have composition lessons and studied other composers, Simon feels that he cannot have always got the feedback necessary from the performers he worked with. Some of his material is very good, but passages are sometimes overwritten with textures that do not work. Whilst recording the cello sonatas, Simon and Raphael Wallfisch changed and adjusted the cello part in some places (perhaps significantly, it was not found necessary to do the same to the piano, Coke’s own instrument)
Simon Callaghan and Raphael Wallfisch’s recording of Roger Sacheverell Coke’s Cello Sonatas is released on Lyrita on 3 January 2020 [available from Amazon], and at the same time Simon Callaghan’s editions of the sonatas are published by Nimbus.